The Government of Kerala has initiated major e-Governance programmes in various Departments, with the efforts showing results in the past few years. However, the actual results of the e-governance activities will gain more visibility and citizen focus only if many of the stand-alone systems created are properly networked and integrated. The Departments will not only have more efficient/transparent delivery mechanisms, but will also have updated information at all levels for monitoring, and more importantly for planning.
An answer to this, Kerala State Wide Area Network (KSWAN) is being setup as a backbone of the State Information Infrastructure (SII), connecting Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi and Kozhikode, extending to 14 districts and 152 Blocks of the State. The network will also connect 1500 offices of Government Departments through Wireless and a larger number through Leased Lines and LAN. The infrastructure would support integration of a large number of G2G, G2C services in hand with the applications hosted in the State. The total estimated outlay for the project is Rs.78.7 Cr. Later it was revised as per contracted outlay to Rs.63 Crores, in which the DIT share is Rs.45.80 Cr and Rs.17.2 Cr as State Share.
An infrastructure like the State Wide Area Network supports integration of a large number of citizen services. For Departments like the Revenue, Registration, Rural Development, Civil Supplies, Police etc., KSWAN provides advantages like high degree of citizen interaction. In Departments like Taxes and Treasury, the revenue augmentation will be enormous. While the advantages of this kind of a mechanism is obvious for Government to Citizen transactions (referred to as G2C), Government to Business (G2B) and Government to Government (inter-department; referred to as G2G), serious issues pertaining to resources, technical standards and manageability will surface if individual departments were to implement their own networks.